114th Congress Co-Sponsorships Senate S1598-114
Last Updated on: 08/03/17  

First Amendment Defense Act

Bill# S1598-114

38

CO-SPONSORED THIS BILL

SEE THE KEY VOTE ALERT

HERITAGE ACTION POSITION: SPONSOR

Bill Description

The First Amendment Defense Act (S. 1598), introduced by Sen. Mike Lee (R-UT), would prevent the federal government from discriminating against any individual or group, whether nonprofit or for-profit, based on their beliefs that marriage is the union of a man and woman or that sexual relations are reserved for marriage. That protection would extend to tax policy, employment, licensing, accreditation, contracting and grants.

Heritage Action Position

Unfortunately, the need for this legislation is real. The Obama administration’s Solicitor General Donald Verrilli admitted during Supreme Court oral arguments that religious schools may lose their tax-exempt status for continuing to affirm marriage as the union of a man and a woman if the Supreme Court redefines marriage. Those involved in the wedding industry, including photographers, florists, and reception hosts have been hauled into court for declining to use their artistic talents to participate in same-sex wedding ceremonies. And faith-based adoption agencies in Massachusetts, Illinois, and Washington, D.C. have been forced to end foster care and adoption services rather than abandon their belief that children do best with a married mother and father. To be clear, the First Amendment Defense Act simply protects religious liberty and the rights of conscience. Americans are free to live and love how they choose and everyone should respect the intrinsic dignity of all human beings. The bill simply affirms that the federal government respects the rights of individuals, businesses, and organizations that wish to act in accordance with their beliefs about marriage, without taking away federally funded benefits or services from anyone.


STATE DISTRICT NAME PARTY SCORE
MA Sen. Elizabeth Warren D 23%
VA Sen. Mark Warner D 7%
RI Sen. Sheldon Whitehouse D 7%
OR Sen. Ron Wyden D 12%
MS Sen. Roger Wicker R 52%
LA Sen. David Vitter R 68%
NM Sen. Tom Udall D 9%
NC Sen. Thom Tillis R 47%
MT Sen. Jon Tester D 12%
PA Sen. Patrick Toomey R 59%
SD Sen. John Thune R 50%
AK Sen. Dan Sullivan R 58%
NE Sen. Ben Sasse R 94%
HI Sen. Brian Schatz D 5%
SC Sen. Tim Scott R 78%
NH Sen. Jeanne Shaheen D 2%
AL Sen. Jeff Sessions R 78%
MI Sen. Debbie Stabenow D 5%
AL Sen. Richard Shelby R 82%
NY Sen. Charles Schumer D 9%
VT Sen. Bernard Sanders I 23%
SD Sen. Mike Rounds R 45%
FL Sen. Marco Rubio R 73%
ID Sen. Jim Risch R 81%
KS Sen. Pat Roberts R 51%
NV Sen. Harry Reid D 13%
RI Sen. Jack Reed D 9%
GA Sen. David Perdue R 73%
KY Sen. Rand Paul R 85%
MI Sen. Gary Peters D 7%
OH Sen. Rob Portman R 28%
FL Sen. Bill Nelson D 2%
WV Sen. Joe Manchin III D 21%
OR Sen. Jeff Merkley D 17%
MO Sen. Claire McCaskill D 5%
CT Sen. Christopher Murphy D 9%
AK Sen. Lisa Murkowski R 35%
WA Sen. Patty Murray D 7%
KS Sen. Jerry Moran R 63%
MD Sen. Barbara Mikulski D 5%
NJ Sen. Robert Menendez D 9%
KY Sen. Mitch McConnell R 40%
AZ Sen. John McCain R 49%
MA Sen. Edward Markey D 17%
UT Sen. Mike Lee R 100%
OK Sen. James Lankford R 74%
VT Sen. Patrick Leahy D 7%
VA Sen. Tim Kaine D 2%
ME Sen. Angus King I 7%
MN Sen. Amy Klobuchar D 5%
IL Sen. Mark Kirk R 14%
WI Sen. Ron Johnson R 45%
GA Sen. Johnny Isakson R 51%
OK Sen. James Inhofe R 66%
ND Sen. Heidi Heitkamp D 9%
ND Sen. John Hoeven R 40%
NM Sen. Martin Heinrich D 12%
HI Sen. Mazie Hirono D 7%
NV Sen. Dean Heller R 55%
UT Sen. Orrin Hatch R 33%
CO Sen. Cory Gardner R 56%
NY Sen. Kirsten Gillibrand D 12%
IA Sen. Charles Grassley R 53%
SC Sen. Lindsey Graham R 30%
NE Sen. Deb Fischer R 64%
MN Sen. Al Franken D 7%
AZ Sen. Jeff Flake R 67%
CA Sen. Dianne Feinstein D 2%
IA Sen. Joni Ernst R 60%
WY Sen. Mike Enzi R 57%
MT Sen. Steve Daines R 77%
IN Sen. Joe Donnelly D 18%
IL Sen. Richard Durbin D 5%
TX Sen. Ted Cruz R 94%
AR Sen. Tom Cotton R 77%
DE Sen. Christopher Coons D 2%
LA Sen. Bill Cassidy R 50%
TN Sen. Bob Corker R 50%
PA Sen. Bob Casey D 9%
TX Sen. John Cornyn R 47%
WV Sen. Shelley Capito R 32%
ME Sen. Susan Collins R 16%
ID Sen. Michael Crapo R 82%
MS Sen. Thad Cochran R 30%
IN Sen. Daniel Coats R 52%
DE Sen. Thomas Carper D 7%
MD Sen. Benjamin Cardin D 9%
WA Sen. Maria Cantwell D 7%
NJ Sen. Cory Booker D 16%
CT Sen. Richard Blumenthal D 9%
CO Sen. Michael Bennet D 5%
WY Sen. John Barrasso R 54%
AR Sen. John Boozman R 64%
WI Sen. Tammy Baldwin D 7%
NC Sen. Richard Burr R 40%
OH Sen. Sherrod Brown D 7%
CA Sen. Barbara Boxer D 5%
MO Sen. Roy Blunt R 47%
NH Sen. Kelly Ayotte R 25%
TN Sen. Lamar Alexander R 26%
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